The Turba in Cantiano – Marche region
15 April 2022. One of the most important representation of Good Friday in Italy.
The Turba is a holy representation that takes place on Good Friday (April 15th, 2022) in Cantiano, a Municipality in the province of Pesaro-Urbino.
The Turba in Cantiano has origins from the popular movement in mid XIII century between the Marche region and the Umbria region and supported by the begging religious order (especially connected to the Franciscan order). Cantiano was one of the villages that welcomed the “turba” of the penitents, that walked throught the village flogging themselves and begging for peace, accompanied by the songs of the “Miserere”.
Since then the Company of the Disciplined of Saint Cross was founded which proposed to transmit the religious sense by representing the Passion and the Death of Christ. Every year it used to nominate two mazzieri and two soprastanti the procession of Good Friday that had the task to organize the important procession with the characters of the Old and New Testament.
In 1938 the Company of Good Jesus broke up and the Turba Society was founded.
The Turba in Cantiano, is known as one of the most important Holy Representations of Good Friday realized in Italy. The historical centre of the village becomes a big open-air theatre, where 250 characters play with customs of that time and the spectators follow them crossing the streets of the village.
The ritual of Turba in Cantiano starts on Good Friday at 5 o’clock in the morning, when a group of young people walks through the village streets to awake who wants to participate to the Visit of the Seven Churches (also known as the Tour of the Seven Churches). They use an instrument locally called Battistrangola, made of wooden table with an iron handle.
TheVisit of the Seven Church became famous as a collective prayer by San Filippo Neri (1515-1595) in the principal Roman churches, but then it was spread out everywhere, always characterized by the number seven. The “Seven” is indeed considered a “holy” number: it represents the number of the holiest places in Rome, but also some themes of the passion, the seven journeys of Christ in the Passion, the seven words of Jesus at the cross, the seven sorrows of the Virgin Mary, etc.
Nowadays the Cultural Association Culturale “La Turba” organizes the event in collaboration with the Municipality Administration and for more than 10 years with the support of didactical laboratories of the schools in Cantiano where the children realize the customers that they wear during the celebrations at the evening of Good Friday.
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